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24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal Logo Biogeco Logo Université de Bordeaux

Home page

Burlett Régis


Team E4E & PHENOBOIS platform



Université Bordeaux, Batiment B2 rdc, bureau 15N
Allée Geoffroy St-Hilaire - bâtiment B2
CS 50023
33615 PESSAC cedex - France

Tel. +33 (0) 5 40 00 69 73
regis.burlett at

Main activities

  • Conception and development of instrumentation systems
    • Sensors and instrument, measurement chains
    • Software and GUI development
    • Measurement Protocoles

Recent developments, available at the phenobois platform

* System to measure xylem vulnerablity to drought (CAVITRON)


* System to measure leaf and stem vulnerabilty curve with optical method :


* System to measure cuticular conductance :

Publication list:

Peer-reviewed paper:

[44] G Bortolami, E Farolfi, E Badel, R Burlett, H Cochard, N Ferrer, A King, .S Delzon; G Gambetta, CEL Delmas (2021) Seasonal and long-term consequences of esca grapevine disease on stem xylem integrity Journal of Experimental Botany 72 (10), 3914-3928

[43] S Dayer, JC Herrera, Z Dai, R Burlett, LJ Lamarque, S Delzon, (2021)  Nighttime transpiration represents a negligible part of water loss and does not increase the risk of water stress in grapevine  Plant, cell & environment 44 (2), 387-398

[42] Cardoso, A. A., Visel, D., Kane, C. N., Batz, T. A., Sánchez, C. G., Kaack, L., Burlett R, Badel E., Cochard, H., Delzon, S., Jansen S. &  McAdam, S.A.M. (2020). Drought‐induced lacuna formation in the stem causes hydraulic conductance to decline before xylem embolism in Selaginella. New Phytologist.

[41] Dayer, S., Herrera, J. C., Dai, Z., Burlett, R., Lamarque, L. J., Delzon, S., Gambetta, G. A. 2020). The sequence and thresholds of leaf hydraulic traits underlying grapevine varietal differences in drought tolerance. Journal of Experimental Botany 71 (14), 4333-4344

[40] J Bartholomé, A Mabiala, R Burlett, D Bert, JC Leplé, C Plomion, JM Gion (2020)  The pulse of the tree is under genetic control: eucalyptus as a case study The Plant Journal 103 (1), 338-356

[39] Li, X., Delzon, S., Torres-Ruiz, J., Badel, E., Burlett, R., Cochard, H., … & St-Paul, N. M. (2020). Lack of vulnerability segmentation in four angiosperm tree species: evidence from direct X-ray microtomography observation. Annals of Forest Science, 77(2), 1-12.

[38] Lamarque LJ, Delzon S, Toups H, Gravel AI, Corso D, Badel E, Burlett R, Charrier G, Cochard H, Jansen S, King (2020) A. Over‐accumulation of abscisic acid in transgenic tomato plants increases the risk of hydraulic failure. Plant, Cell & Environment. 43(3):548-62.

[37] Creek, D., Lamarque, L. J., Torres-Ruiz, J. M., Parise, C., Burlett, R., Tissue, D. T., & Delzon, S. (2019). Xylem embolism in leaves does not occur with open stomata: evidence from direct observations using the optical visualisation technique. Journal of experimental botany. 71(3), 1151-1159.

[36] A Barbeta, R Burlett, P Martin-Gómez, B Fréjaville, N Devert, L Wingate, JC domec, J Ogée  (2020) Evidence for distinct isotopic composition of sap and tissue water in tree stems: consequences for plant water source identification bioRxiv

[35] Emilio, T., Lamarque, L. J., Torres-Ruiz, J. M., King, A., Charrier, G., Burlett, R., … & Delzon, S. (2019). Embolism resistance in petioles and leaflets of palms. Annals of botany. 124(7), 1173-1183.

[34] Bortolami, G., Gambetta, G. A., Delzon, S., Lamarque, L. J., Pouzoulet, J., Badel, R Burlett,… & Delmas, CEL. (2019). Exploring the Hydraulic Failure Hypothesis of Esca Leaf Symptom Formation. Plant physiology, 181 (3), 1163-1174.

[33] Lobo, A., Torres-Ruiz, J. M., Burlett, R., Lemaire, C., Parise, C., Francioni, C., … & Delzon, S. (2018). Assessing inter-and intraspecific variability of xylem vulnerability to embolism in oaks. Forest ecology and management, 424, 53-61.

[32] Lamarque, L. J., Corso, D., Torres-Ruiz, J. M., Badel, E., Brodribb, T. J., Burlett, R., … & S. Delzon (2018). An inconvenient truth about xylem resistance to embolism in the model species for refilling Laurus nobilis L. Annals of Forest Science, 75(3), 88.

[31] Zhang, Y., Lamarque, L. J., Torres-Ruiz, J. M., Schuldt, B., Karimi, Z., Li, S., Qin, D.W., Bittencourt, P., Burlett, R., Cao, K.F., Delzon, S., Oliveira, R., Pereira, L. and Jansen S. (2018). Testing the plant pneumatic method to estimate xylem embolism resistance in stems of temperate trees. Tree Physiology

[30] Ahmad, H. B., Lens, F., Capdeville, G., Burlett, R., Lamarque, L. J., & Delzon, S. (2018). Intraspecific variation in embolism resistance and stem anatomy across four sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) accessions. Physiologia plantarum, 163(1), 59-72.

[29] G Charrier, R Burlett, G Gambetta, S Delzon, JC Domec, F Beaujard (2017) Monitoring xylem hydraulic pressure in woody plants. Bio-protocol 7 (20), e2580-e2580

[28] TE Gimeno, J Ogée, J Royles, Y Gibon, JB West, R Burlett, SP Jones, J Sauze, S Wohl, C Benard, B Genty, L Wingate (2017) Bryophyte gas-exchange dynamics along varying hydration status reveal a significant carbonyl sulphide (COS) sink in the dark and COS source in the light.  New Phytologist 215 (3), 965-976

 [27] Torres-Ruiz JM, Cochard H, Choat B, Jansen S, López R,,Tomášková I, Padilla-Díaz CM, Badel E, Burlett R, King A, Lenoir N, Martin-StPaul NK and Delzon S.(2017)  Xylem resistance to embolism: presenting a simple diagnostic test for the open vessel artefact. New Phytologist 215 (1), 489-499

[26] G Charrier, JM Torres-Ruiz, E Badel, R Burlett, B Choat, H Cochard,(2016) Evidence for hydraulic vulnerability segmentation and lack of xylem refilling under tension Plant physiology, pp. 01079.2016

[25] Sáenz-Romero C., M. Larter, N. González-Muñoz, C. Wehenkel, A. Blanco-Garcia, D. Castellanos-Acuña, R. Burlett and S. Delzon (2017) – Mexican conifers are not all equal in their ability to face ongoing climate change.Journal of plant hydraulics,  4 - e003

 [24] Pivovaroff A.L., R. Burlett, B. Lavigne, H. Cochard, L.S. Santiago, S. Delzon (2016) Testing the ‘microbubble effect’ using the Cavitron technique to measure xylem water extraction curves. AoB Plants 8: plw011.

[23] Schuldt B., F. Knutzen, S. Delzon, S. Jansen, H. Müller-Haubold, R. Burlett, Y. Clough and C. Leuschner (2016) How adaptable is the hydraulic system of European beech in the face of climate change-related precipitation reduction? New Phytologist 210 (2), 443-458

[22] Bouche P.S., S. Jansen, H. Cochard, R. Burlett, G. Capdeville and S. Delzon (2015) Cavitation resistance of conifer roots can be accurately measured with the flow-centrifuge method. Journal of Plant Hydraulics 2: e-002

[21] Bouche P.S., S. Jansen, J. Cruz Sabalera, H. Cochard, R. Burlett and S. Delzon (2016) Low intra-tree variability in resistance to embolism in four Pinaceae species. Annals of Forest Science p 1-9.

 [20] Choat B., E. Badel, R. Burlett, S. Delzon, H. Cochard and S. Jansen (2016) Non-invasive measurement of vulnerability to drought induced embolism by X-ray microtomography. Plant Physiology pp-00732.

 [19]  Bouche P.S., S. Delzon, E. Badel, R. Burlett, H. Cochard, B. Lavigne, S. Mayr, V. Zufferey, B. Choat, T.J. Brodribb, J.M. Torres Ruiz, K. Charra-Vaskou, S. Li, H. Morris and S. Jansen – Are pine needles more vulnerable to cavitation than branches? New insights from X-ray computed tomography Plant Cell & Environment (online).

 [18] Larter M., Brodribb T., Pfautsch S., Burlett R., Cochard H. and S. Delzon (2015) Extreme aridity pushes trees to their physical limits. Plant Physiology 168: 804-807

[17] J M Torres-Ruiz, S Jansen, B Choat, A McElrone, H Cochard, T J Brodribb, E Badel, R Burlett, PS Bouche, C Brodersen, S Li, H Morris, S Delzon (2015) Direct micro-CT observation confirms the induction of embolism upon xylem cutting under tension Plant Physiology 167 – p 1:4

[16] Y Wang, R Burlett, F Feng and MT Tyree. (2014). Improved precision of hydraulic conductance measurements using a Cochard rotor in two different centrifuges. Journal of Plant Hydraulics 1: e-0007

[15] Urli M., J-B. Lamy, F. Sin, R. Burlett, S. Delzon and A. J. Porté (2015) – The high vulnerability of Quercus robur to drought at its southern margin paves the way for Quercus ilex Plant Ecology 216: 177-187

[14] NK Martin-StPaul, D Longepierre, R Huc, S Delzon, R Burlett, R Joffre, S Rambal, H Cochard (2014) How reliable are methods to assess xylem vulnerability to cavitation? The issue of ‘open vessel’artifact in oaks Tree Physiology 32 : 1161-1170  

[13] PS Bouche, M Larter, JC Domec, R Burlett, P Gasson, S Jansen, S Delzon (2014) A broad survey of hydraulic and mechanical safety in the xylem of conifers Journal of Experimental Botany, 65 : 4419-4431

[12] Saenz-Romero C., Lamy J-B, Loya-Rebollar E., Plaza-Aguilar A., Burlett R., P. Lobit and S. Delzon (2013)- Genetic variation of drought-induced cavitation resistance among Pinus hartwegii populations from an altitudinal gradient Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 35: 2905-2913  

[11] Urli M., AJ. Porté, H. Cochard, Y. Guengant, R. Burlett and S. Delzon (2013) Xylem embolism threshold for catastrophic hydraulic failure in angiosperm trees.  Tree Physiology doi:10.1093/treephys/tpt030

[10] Charra-Vaskou K., E. Badel, R. Burlett, H. Cochard, S. Delzon and S. Mayr (2012) Hydraulic efficiency and safety of vascular and non-vascular components in Pinus pinaster leaves. Tree Physiology 32: 1161-1170

[9] Jansen S., Lamy J.-B., Burlett R., Cochard H., Gasson P. and S. Delzon (2012) Plasmodesmatal pores in the torus of bordered pit membranes affect cavitation resistance of conifer xylem.  Plant Cell &Environment 6: 1109-1120.

[8] Lamy J-B., L. Bouffier, R. Burlett, C. Plomion, H. Cochard and S. Delzon (2011) Uniform Selection as a Primary Force Reducing Population Genetic Differentiation of Cavitation Resistance across a Species Range.  PLoS ONE 6: e23476

[7] T Brodribb, D Bowman, N Scott, R Burlett, S Delzon- Xylem function and growth rate interact to determine the recovery of conifers after extreme drought, New Phytologist, 2010,

[6] L Wingate, J Ogée, R Burlett, A Bosc, M Devaux, J Grace, D Loustau & A Gessler -Photosynthetic carbon isotope discrimination and its  relationship to the carbon isotope signals of stem, soil and ecosystem respiration – New Phytologist, 2010,

[5] Wingate L , Ogee J, Burlett R, Bosc A - Strong seasonal disequilibrium measured between the oxygen isotope signals of leaf and soil CO2 exchange - Global Change Biology, 2010,.

[4] Wingate L, Ogee J, Cuntz M, Genty B, Reiter I, Seibt U, Yakir D, Maseyk K, Pendall EG, Barbour MM , Mortazavi B, Burlett R , Peylin P, Miller J, Mencuccini M, Shim JH, Hunt J, Grace J- The impact of soil microorganisms on the global budget of delta O-18 in atmospheric CO2. PNAS, 2009  106: 22411-22415

[3] D Hemming, D Yakir, P. Ambus, M. Aurela, C. Besson, K. Black, N. Buchmann, R. Burlett, A Cescatti, R Clement, P Gross, A Granier, T Grünwald, K Havrankova, D Janous, I. Janssens, A Knohl, Barbara K Östner, A Kowalski, T Laurila, C Mata, B Marcolla, G Matteucci, J Moncrieff, E. Moors, B Osborne, J Santos Pereira, M Pihlatie, K Pilegaard, F Ponti, Z Rosova, F Rossi, A Scartazza, T Vesala  - Pan-European δ13C values of air and organic matter from forest ecosystems  Global Change Biology, 2005 11:7 1065

[2] Delzon, S., M. Sartore, R. Burlett, R. Dewar and D. Loustau. Hydraulic responses to height growth in maritime pine trees. Plant Cell & Environment, 2004 27:1077-1087.

[1] Kowalski, S., M. Sartore, R. Burlett, P. Berbigier and D. Loustau. The annual carbon budget of a French pine forest (Pinus pinaster) following harvest. Global Change Biology, 2003. 9:1051-1065. 


Other publication and communication

 T Guzman, R Burlett, C Delvigne, C Parise, S Dubois, P Martin-Gomez, S Opfergelt, L Wingate (2021) Impact of transpiration rates on foliar silicon concentrations across a range of angiosperm species exposed to water stress. EGU General Assembly Conference

 P Martin-Gómez, J Ogée, R Burlett, A Barbeta, N Devert, S Dubois, B Frejaville, L Wingate (2021) Where do the buds get their water from during budburst? New perspectives from temperate forest species using water stable isotopes (2021) EGU General Assembly Conference

 P Martín-Gómez, A Barbeta, R Burlett, J Ogée, B Fréjaville, N Devert, L Wingate (2019) Is isotopic hetereogeneity in tree water pools linked to phenology? Inter species and seasonal variations AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, H44H-01

 L Lamarque, R Burlett, C Delmas, G Gambetta, G Charrier, A Bayens ,S Delzon  (2019) The xylem embolism resistance spectrum of grapevine. Xylem International Meeting

 Isotopic heterogeneity in woody stems revealed by a new water extraction technique. (2019) A Barbeta, R Burlett, K Bakouri, B Fréjaville, SP Jones, L Wingate, TE Gimeno, L Calvé, C Delvigne, S Wohl, N Devert, J Ogée ..Geophysical Research Abstracts 21

 Partitioning internal diffusion resistances and CO2 isotope exchange in leaves (2017) JB West, J Ogée, R Burlett, TE Gimeno, B Genty, S Jones, S Wohl, A Bosc, ...ESA Annual Meeting (August 6--11)

 Using x-ray microtomography to assess refilling after drought-induced embolism in plants (2017)S Delzon, N Lenoir, E Badel, R Burlett, G Charrier, B Choat, H Cochard 3rd International Conference on Tomography of Materials and Structures

 M de Miguel, H Lagraulet, J Laoue, R Segura, R Burlett, J Bartholomé, ...(2016) Genetic architecture of water use efficiency and related traits in maritime pine  Genomics and Forest Tree Genetics Conference, 134 p.

J West, J Ogée, R Burlett, T Gimeno, B Genty, S Jones, S Wohl, A Bosc, L Wingate (2016) A new approach to quantifying internal diffusion resistances and CO2 isotope exchange in leaves EGU General Assembly Conference

T Gimeno, J Royles, J Ogee, S Jones, R Burlett, J West, J Sauze, Steven Wohl, B Genty, H Griffiths, L Wingate (2016) Investigating the impact of light and water status on the exchange of COS, 13CO2, CO18O and H218O from bryophytes. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts

R Burlett JM Torres-Ruiz, MT Tyree, S Delzon, H Cochard (2014) Establishing vulnerability curve with centrifuge flow-through method (cavitron). Prometheus wiki protocol (redaction invitee)

R Burlett, H Inchauspé, C Douthe, Y Guengant, JB Lamy et S Delzon -Mesure de la résistance à la sécheresse des arbres :la vulnérabilité à la cavitation In Les journées de la mesure, 2010, Nouan-Le-Fuzellier.

JY Goret , B Burban, R Burlett , A Bosc & S Ponton -  Mesure automatisée de la respiration du sol : Caractérisation et comparaison de deux systèmes. Cahier des techniques, 2006 (numéro spécial Méthodes et outils pour l’observation et l’évaluation des milieux forestiers, prairiaux et aquatiques)

Burlett R., J. Ogée, A. Bosc, L. Wingate & D. Loustau - Mesure rapide (10Hz) des isotopomères du CO2 atmosphérique par diode laser modulable (TDL) ). In Les journées de la mesure, 2006, Montpellier.

Roy, C., R. Burlett, A. Bosc and D. Loustau. Un Système ouvert dynamique pour la mesure automatisée du flux de CO2 du sol. Le système ADOC (Automated Dynamic Open Chamber). In Les journées de la mesure, 2002, La Bresse.